(A/T/KT) - Sanitized GNU/Linux: a new way of bug hunter in FLOSS Community

Most of Gentoo installation STEPS in this article are COPY from Gentoo Handbook[1]

Use links show as below to download gentoo LiveCD:
Current-install-iso:
http://distfiles.gentoo.org/releases/amd64/autobuilds/current-install-amd64-minimal
After booing into liveCD, we can start to prepare for install system.

Creating the partitions(GPT):

parted -a optimal /dev/sda   

Use parted to configure sda

(parted)mklabel gpt

Setting the GPT label

(parted)unit mib
(parted)mkpart primary 1 3
(parted)name 1 grub
(parted)set 1 bios_grub on

Creating a partition start from 1MB and end at 3MB used by GRUB2BOOTLOADER

(parted) mkpart primary 3 131
(parted) name 2 boot

Creating BOOT partition (128MB)

(parted) mkpart primary 131 1024
(parted) name 3 swap

Creating swap partition

(parted) mkpart primary 1024 -1
(parted) name 4 rootfs

Creating remaining disk as ROOTFS

(parted) set 2 boot on
(parted) quit

Creating the partitions(MBR):

livecd ~ # fdisk -t dos /dev/sda

Welcome to fdisk (util-linux 2.26.2).
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
Be careful before using the write command.


Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (0 primary, 0 extended, 4 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (1-4, default 1): 1
First sector (2048-104857599, default 2048): 2048
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (2048-104857599, default 104857599):
+2M

Created a new partition 1 of type 'Linux' and of size 2 MiB.

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (1 primary, 0 extended, 3 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (2-4, default 2): 2
First sector (6144-104857599, default 6144): 
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (6144-104857599, default 104857599):
+128M

Created a new partition 2 of type 'Linux' and of size 128 MiB.

Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 50 GiB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0xcc7ca523

Device     Boot Start    End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sda1        2048   6143    4096    2M 83 Linux
/dev/sda2        6144 268287  262144  128M 83 Linux

Command (m for help): a
Partition number (1,2, default 2): 2

The bootable flag on partition 2 is enabled now.

Command (m for help): p
Disk /dev/sda: 50 GiB, 53687091200 bytes, 104857600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0xcc7ca523

Device     Boot Start    End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sda1        2048   6143    4096    2M 83 Linux
/dev/sda2  *     6144 268287  262144  128M 83 Linux

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (2 primary, 0 extended, 2 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default p): p
Partition number (3,4, default 3): 
First sector (268288-104857599, default 268288):       
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (268288-104857599, default
104857599): +1024M

Created a new partition 3 of type 'Linux' and of size 1 GiB.

Command (m for help): t
Partition number (1-3, default 3):3
Partition type (type L to list all types):82

Command (m for help): n
Partition type
   p   primary (3 primary, 0 extended, 1 free)
   e   extended (container for logical partitions)
Select (default e): p

Changed type of partition 'Linux' to 'Linux swap / Solaris'.

Selected partition 4
First sector (2365440-104857599, default 2365440): 
Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G,T,P} (2365440-104857599, default
104857599): 

Created a new partition 4 of type 'Linux' and of size 48.9 GiB.

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered.
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

Creating file systems:

mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda2
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda4

Formatting sda2 and sda4 in ext2 and ext4

mkswap /dev/sda3

Formatting sda3 as swap partition

swapon /dev/sda3

Mounting:

After all Creating partition and formatting, now we can mount those partitions. Be aware of mounting partition we should creating a directories first.

mount /dev/sda4 /mnt/gentoo/
mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot
mount /dev/sda2 /mnt/gentoo/boot

Installing Stage3:

We cloud use links to download a stage tarball by surf to the gentoo mirror list.

links https://www.gentoo.org/downloads/mirrors

Chosing a proper(close by) mirror and enter the releases/amd64/autobuilds/current-stage3-amd64/ directory.

Chose stage3-amd64-<releases>.tar.bz2/stage3-amd64-<releases>.tar.bz2.DIGESTS/stage3-amd64-<releases>.tar.bz2.DIGESTS.asc to download

.CONTENTS file that contains a list of all files inside the stage tarball

.DIGESTS file that contains checksums of the stage file, in different algorithms

.DIGESTS.asc file that, like the .DIGESTS file, contains checksums of the stage file in different algorithms, but is also cryptographically signed to ensure it is provided by the Gentoo project

—— from Gentoo Handbook

Validate Checksum:

cat stage3-amd64-<releases>.tar.bz2.DIGESTS
openssl dgst -r -sha512 stage3-amd64-<releases>.tar.bz2
openssl dgst -r -whirlpool stage3-amd64-<release>.tar.bz2

Compare the output of these commands with the value registered in the .DIGESTS(.asc) files. The values need to match, otherwise the downloaded file might be corrupt (or the digests file is).

gpg --keyserver hkps.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys 0xBB572E0E2D182910
#From https://www.gentoo.org/downloads/signatures/
gpg --verify stage3-amd64-<release>.tar.bz2.DIGESTS.asc

Using gpg to make sure the checksums have not been tampered with.

Unpacking the stage tarball

tar xvjpf stage3-<release>.tar.bz2 --xattrs

Configuring compile options:

vi /mnt/gentoo/etc/portage/make.conf
CFLAGS="-march=native -O2 -pipe"
MAKEOPTS="-j8" #Depends on your Processor

CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS

The CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS variables define the optimization flags for the GCC C and C++ compiler respectively. Although those are defined generally here, for maximum performance one would need to optimize these flags for each program separately. The reason for this is because every program is different. However, this is not manageable, hence the definition of these flags in the make.conf file.

In make.conf one should define the optimization flags that will make the system the most responsive generally. Don’t place experimental settings in this variable; too much optimization can make programs behave bad (crash, or even worse, malfunction).

—— from Gentoo Handbook

Chosing proper mirror

mirrorselect -i -o >> /mnt/gentoo/etc/portage/make.conf
mkdir /mnt/gentoo/etc/portage/repos.conf
cp /mnt/gentoo/usr/share/portage/config/repos.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/portage/repos.conf/gentoo.conf
vi /mnt/gentoo/etc/portage/repos.conf/gentoo.conf

cat gentoo.conf

[gentoo]
location = /usr/portage
sync-type = rsync
sync-uri = rsync://rsync.gentoo.org/gentoo-portage
auto-sync = yes

Copy Nameserver info:

cp -L /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/

Mounting the necessary filesystems

mount -t proc proc /mnt/gentoo/proc
mount --rbind /sys /mnt/gentoo/sys
mount --make-rslave /mnt/gentoo/sys
mount --rbind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
mount --make-rslave /mnt/gentoo/dev

Entering the chroot environment

chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash
source /etc/profile
export PS1="(chroot) $PS1"

Update

emerge-webrsync
(chroot) livecd / # eselect profile list
Available profile symlink targets:
  [1]   default/linux/amd64/13.0 *
  [2]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/selinux
  [3]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop
  [4]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/gnome
  [5]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/gnome/systemd
  [6]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/kde
  [7]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/kde/systemd
  [8]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/plasma
  [9]   default/linux/amd64/13.0/desktop/plasma/systemd
  [10]  default/linux/amd64/13.0/developer
  [11]  default/linux/amd64/13.0/no-multilib
  [12]  default/linux/amd64/13.0/systemd
  [13]  default/linux/amd64/13.0/x32
  [14]  hardened/linux/amd64
  [15]  hardened/linux/amd64/selinux
  [16]  hardened/linux/amd64/no-multilib
  [17]  hardened/linux/amd64/no-multilib/selinux
  [18]  hardened/linux/amd64/x32
  [19]  hardened/linux/musl/amd64
  [20]  hardened/linux/musl/amd64/x32
  [21]  default/linux/uclibc/amd64
  [22]  hardened/linux/uclibc/amd64
(chroot) livecd / # eselect profile set 12

Configuring Timezone

echo "Asia/Shanghai" > /etc/timezone
emerge --config sys-libs/timezone-data

Install gcc-5.3

emerge -av =gcc-5.3.0

The following keyword changes are necessary to proceed:
 (see "package.accept_keywords" in the portage(5) man page for more details)
# required by =gcc-5.3.0 (argument)
=sys-devel/gcc-5.3.0 ~amd64

Would you like to add these changes to your config files? [Yes/No]

Update Configuration file

dispatch-conf
--- /tmp/tmpjosdvwsz/0  2016-03-29 05:44:01.780036771 +0000
+++ /etc/portage/._cfg0000_package.accept_keywords      2016-03-29
05:43:15.840036346 +0000
@@ -1 +1,2 @@
-/dev/null
+# required by =gcc-5.3.0 (argument)
+=sys-devel/gcc-5.3.0 ~amd64

>> (1 of 1) -- /etc/portage/package.accept_keywords
>> q quit, h help, n next, e edit-new, z zap-new, u use-new
   m merge, t toggle-merge, l look-merge: 

Run again

emerge -av =gcc-5.3.0

Change GCC default version

(chroot) livecd / # gcc-config -l
 [1] x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-4.9.3 *
 [2] x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-5.3.0
(chroot) livecd / # gcc-config 2

Install Kernel

Download kernel source

emerge -av sys-kernel/gentoo-sources

Checking Kernel Version

(chroot) livecd linux # eselect kernel list
Available kernel symlink targets:
  [1]   linux-4.1.15-gentoo-r1 *

Configuring Kernel Options

cd /usr/src/linux
make menuconfig

Enable KASan

[*] KASan: runtime memory debugger 
    Instrumentation type (Inline instrumentation)  --->
        ( ) Outline instrumentation
        (X) Inline instrumentation #This options required GCC 5.0+

<*>   Intel ESB, ICH, PIIX3, PIIX4 PATA/SATA support 

[*]   Fusion MPT logging facility
       <*>   Fusion MPT ScsiHost drivers for SPI  
       <*>   Fusion MPT ScsiHost drivers for SAS  
       (128) Maximum number of scatter gather entries (16 - 128)
       <*>   Fusion MPT misc device (ioctl) driver  
       [*]   Fusion MPT logging facility  

Compiling kernel

make -j9 && make modules_install &&make install

Generating initramfs

emerge -av genkernel
genkernel initramfs

Install Firmware

emerge --ask sys-kernel/linux-firmware

Configure fstab

# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
/dev/sda2               /boot           ext2            noauto,noatime  0 2
/dev/sda4               /               ext4            noatime         0 1
/dev/sda3               none            swap            sw              0 0
/dev/cdrom              /mnt/cdrom      auto            noauto,ro       0 0
/dev/fd0                /mnt/floppy     auto            noauto          0 0

Configure Network:

emerge net-misc/netifrc dhcp dhcpd

vim /etc/conf.d/net
###
config_eth0="dhcp"
###

Automatically start networking at boot

cd /etc/init.d
ln -s net.lo net.eth0
rc-update add net.eth0 default

Update SYSTEM

emerge -avuDN @world

Setting root password

passwd root

Install BOOTLOADER

In this section, I going to use GRUB2 as my bootloader

emerge -av grub
grub2-install /dev/sda
vim /etc/default/grub
######################add line show as below.
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rootfstype=ext4 init=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd"
######################
grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Exiting chroot environment

exit

#reboot

After reboot, we could simply use dhcp automatically connect to Internet

dhclient 

Adding address sanitizer FLAGS into /etc/portage/make.conf

CFLAGS="-march=native  -O2 -pipe -fsanitize=address"
CXXFLAGS="-march=native  -O2 -pipe -fsanitize=address"

Clear global variable to avoid configure error

export LIBS=
export CFLAGS=
export CXXFLAGS=

rebuild whole system (exclude gcc and glibc)

emerge -e world --exclude=gcc --exclude=glibc